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Volume 5, Issue 2 (Spring 2020)                   J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res 2020, 5(2): 61-67 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaei Z, Taghdisi S. A Comparison of Fertility Rates in Women Undergoing IVF with a Tubal Factor with Surgery, Tubal Factor Infertility Without Surgery, and Unexplained Infertility. J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res. 2020; 5 (2) :61-67
URL: http://jogcr.com/article-1-274-en.html
1- Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Yas Hospital, Tehran, Iran
2- North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bint Al-Huda Hospital, Bojnurd, Iran Iran , s.taghdisi@nkums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4938 Views)
  Background & Objective: Many factors are essential for a pregnancy to be successful. Recognizing the factors caused by surgical trauma may be effective in guiding pregnancies toward success using the assisted reproductive treatment methods. Surgery changes the natural anatomical relation between the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Tubal surgery is hypothesized to reduce ovarian reserve due to the anatomical relationship between the ovarian arteries and nerves and fallopian tubes. There is no consensus on whether or not salpingectomy affects ovarian reserve. Some authors believe that salpingectomy has no effects, while others suggest that it diminishes ovarian reserve. Therefore, comparing fertility rates between women undergoing in vitro fertilization with tubal factor infertility with surgery, tubal factor infertility without surgery, and unexplained infertility can provide valuable data.
Materials & Methods: Eighty patients who met the inclusion criteria were studied. Study groups included people with a history of tubal surgery, individuals who had tubal problems without a history of surgery, and cases with unexplained infertility. Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) was measured every day of the cycle and other hormones, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone, prolactin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were assessed on days 2-5 of the cycle. On the third day of the menstrual cycle, the uterus, endometrial thickness, ovaries, the size of the ovaries, and antral follicle count were evaluated using transvaginal sonography. Following ovulation induction, treatment-related factors, namely endometrial thickness, gonadotropin (Gn) time and count, E2, viable embryos, and good quality embryos, were examined.
Results: Our findings showed no difference between the study groups in terms of treatment-related factors. No significant correlation was observed between the studied groups and chemical pregnancy (P=0.9514). moreover, the studied groups were not significantly correlated with clinical pregnancy (P=0.5052).
Conclusion:  The AMH was correlated with FSH, AFC, E2, and gonadotropin time and count. According to the results of the present study, tubal surgery does not affect the outcome of assisted reproductive cycles.
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Systematic Review: Original Research | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2020/08/21 | Accepted: 2020/09/13 | Published: 2020/10/28

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