Write your message
Volume 7, Issue 2 (March & April 2022)                   J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res 2022, 7(2): 63-68 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bhardwaj G, Siddiqui A, Podder L. Pregnancy, Parturition and Pandemic: A Review. J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res. 2022; 7 (2) :63-68
URL: http://jogcr.com/article-1-463-en.html
1- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Nursing College, AIIMS, Bhopal, M.P, India
2- Graduate Nurse, RN, RM Delhi, India
3- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Nursing College, AIIMS, Bhopal, M.P, India , lily0232001@gmail.com
Abstract:   (183 Views)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a major public health concern, highly contagious in nature and/or causing high mortalities. This review paper reveals comprehensive interpretations of current COVID-19 reports and their impact on pregnancy in conjunction with antenatal visits, mental health, and mode of delivery. We further review recent guidelines of distinct leading organizations, which intend to serve as assistance in managing pregnant women with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Pregnancy amid the COVID-19 pandemic necessitates marked importance deliberating high-risk status and vulnerability to severe COVID-19 related illnesses. The risk of vertical transmission is low; however, neonatal illness varies from asymptomatic to mildly symptomatic. Healthcare providers should consider proper guidance and obvious illustration of preventive strategies to limit the further spread of COVID-19. We also discuss the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant women, besides benefiting both mother and baby.

Full-Text [PDF 335 kb]   (96 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (21 Views)  
Systematic Review: Review | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2021/08/3 | Accepted: 2021/08/7 | Published: 2021/10/25

References
1. World Health Organization. WHO Director-General's opening remark at the media briefing on COVID-19-March, Geneva, Switzerland; 2020. [cited 2021 May 29]. Available from: https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020.
2. Ciara L. COVID-19 live updates: total number of cases passes 156 million. Medical news today. 2021 May 7 [cited 2021 May 29]. Available from: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/live-updates-coronavirus-covid-19#1.
3. Allotey J, Stallings E, Bonet M, Yap M, Chatterjee S, Kew T, et al. Clinical manifestations, risk factors, and maternal and perinatal outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnancy: living systematic review and meta-analysis. Bmj. 2020;370. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.m3320] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Zambrano LD, Ellington S, Strid P, Galang RR, Oduyebo T, Tong VT, Woodworth KR, Nahabedian III JF, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Gilboa SM, Meaney-Delman D. Update: characteristics of symptomatic women of reproductive age with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection by pregnancy status—United States, January 22–October 3, 2020. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020;69(44):1641. [DOI:10.1097/01.ogx.0000721400.07132.fc]
5. Wastnedge EA, Reynolds RM, Van Boeckel SR, Stock SJ, Denison FC, Maybin JA, et al. Pregnancy and COVID-19. Physiol Rev. 2021;101(1):303-18. [DOI:10.1152/physrev.00024.2020] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Roberton T, Carter ED, Chou VB, Stegmuller AR, Jackson BD, Tam Y, et al. Early estimates of the indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling study. Lancet Glob Health. 2020;8(7):e901-8. [DOI:10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30229-1]
7. Brian B. Study examines the prevalence of COVID-19 infections in pregnant women about to give birth. Massachusetts general hospital. 2020 [cited 2021 June 1]. Available from: https://www.massgeneral.org/news/coronavirus/prevalence-of-covid-19-infections-in-pregnant-women.
8. Brandt JS, Hill J, Reddy A, Schuster M, Patrick HS, Rosen T, et al. Epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnancy: risk factors and associations with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021; 224(4):389-e1. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2020.09.043] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Uwambaye P, Nyiringango G, Musabwasoni SM, Husain A, Nessa K, Razzaque MS. COVID-19 Pandemic: Adaptation in Antenatal Care for Better Pregnancy Outcomes. Front Glob Women’s Health. 2020;1:599327. [DOI:10.3389/fgwh.2020.599327]
10. Aggarwal R, Sharma AK, Guleria K. Antenatal care during the pandemic in India: the problem and the solutions. Int J Pregnancy Child Birth. 2021;7(1):15-7. [DOI:10.15406/ipcb.2021.07.00220]
11. Zangmo R, Kumari A, Garg D, Sharma KA. Redesigning routine antenatal care in low resource setting during COVID-19 pandemic. J Fam Med Primary Care. 2020 Sep;9(9):4547. [DOI:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_831_20] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Salehi L, Rahimzadeh M, Molaei E, Zaheri H, Esmaelzadeh‐Saeieh S. The relationship among fear and anxiety of COVID‐19, pregnancy experience, and mental health disorder in pregnant women: A structural equation model. Brain Behav. 2020;10(11):e01835. [DOI:10.1002/brb3.1835] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Mappa I, Distefano FA, Rizzo G. Effects of coronavirus 19 pandemic on maternal anxiety during pregnancy: a prospectic observational study. J Perinat Med. 2020;48(6):545-50. [DOI:10.1515/jpm-2020-0182] [PMID]
14. Moyer CA, Compton SD, Kaselitz E, Muzik M. Pregnancy-related anxiety during COVID-19: a nationwide survey of 2740 pregnant women. Arch Women's Mental Health. 2020;23(6):757-65. [DOI:10.21203/rs.3.rs-37887/v1]
15. Kotlar B, Gerson E, Petrillo S, Langer A, Tiemeier H. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and perinatal health: a scoping review. Reprod Health. 2021;18(1):1-39. [DOI:10.1186/s12978-021-01070-6] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Debrabandere ML, Farabaugh DC, Giordano C. A Review on Mode of Delivery during COVID-19 between December 2019 and April 2020. Am J Perinatol. 2020. [DOI:10.1055/s-0040-1721658] [PMID]
17. Ferrazzi E, Frigerio L, Savasi V, Vergani P, Prefumo F, Barresi S, et al. Mode of delivery and clinical findings in COVID-19 infected pregnant women in Northern Italy.
18. World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): pregnancy and childbirth.[S. l.]. Geneva, Switzerland; 2020 [cited 2021 June 2]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-pregnancy-and-childbirth.
19. Bandyopadhyay T, Sharma A, Kumari P, Maria A, Choudhary R. Possible early vertical transmission of COVID-19 from an infected pregnant female to her neonate: a case report. J Trop Pediatrics. 2021;67(1):fmaa094. [DOI:10.1093/tropej/fmaa094] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Kyle MH, Glassman ME, Khan A, Fernández CR, Hanft E, Emeruwa UN, Scripps T, Walzer L, Liao GV, Saslaw M, Rubenstein D. A review of newborn outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic. In Seminars in perinatology 2020 November 1 (Vol. 44, No. 7, p. 151286). WB Saunders. [DOI:10.1016/j.semperi.2020.151286] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. Salvatore CM, Han JY, Acker KP, Tiwari P, Jin J, Brandler M, Cangemi C, Gordon L, Parow A, DiPace J, DeLaMora P. Neonatal management and outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: an observation cohort study. Lancet Child Adolescent Health. 2020;4(10):721-7. [DOI:10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30235-2]
22. Villar J, Ariff S, Gunier RB, Thiruvengadam R, Rauch S, Kholin A, et al. Maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among pregnant women with and without COVID-19 infection: the INTERCOVID multinational cohort study. JAMA Pediatrics. 2021. [DOI:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.1050] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Metz TD, Clifton RG, Hughes BL, Sandoval G, Saade GR, Grobman WA, et al. Disease severity and perinatal outcomes of pregnant patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Obstet Gynecol. 2021;137(4):571. [DOI:10.1097/AOG.0000000000004339] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. University of Washington School of Medicine/UW Medicine. "Pregnant women with COVID-19 face high mortality rate: Worldwide study also found that 11 percent of babies contracted the novel coronavirus from their mothers." ScienceDaily, 22 April 2021 [cited 2021 June 3]. Available from: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/04/210422181856.html
25. López M, Gonce A, Meler E, Plaza A, Hernández S, Martinez-Portilla RJ, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnancy: a clinical management protocol and considerations for practice. Fetal Diagno Ther. 2020;47(7):519-28. [DOI:10.1159/000508487] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Bahtiyar MO, Baschat A, Deprest J, Emery S, Goodnight WH, Johnson A, et al. Fetal interventions in the setting of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: statement from the North American Fetal Therapy Network. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020;223(2):281-4. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2020.04.025] [PMID] [PMCID]
27. Benski C, Di Filippo D, Taraschi G, Reich MR. Guidelines for Pregnancy Management During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Public Health Conundrum. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(21):8277. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17218277] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Boelig RC, Manuck T, Oliver EA, Di Mascio D, Saccone G, Bellussi F, et al. Labor and delivery guidance for COVID-19. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2020;2(2):100110. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajogmf.2020.100110] [PMID] [PMCID]
29. World Health Organisation. Breastfeeding and COVID-19. Geneva, Switzerland; World Health Organisation: 2020 [cited 2021 June 5]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/breastfeeding-and-covid-19 [DOI:10.4324/9781003120254-3]
30. Peng S, Zhu H, Yang L, Cao L, Huang X, Dynes M, et al. A study of breastfeeding practices, SARS-CoV-2 and its antibodies in the breast milk of mothers confirmed with COVID-19. Lancet Regional Health-Western Pac. 2020;4:100045. [DOI:10.1016/j.lanwpc.2020.100045] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Lee RW, Loy SL, Yang L, Chan JK, Tan LK. Attitudes and precaution practices towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Singapore: a cross-sectional survey. BMC pregnancy childbirth. 2020;20(1):1-0. [DOI:10.1186/s12884-020-03378-w] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Omer S, Ali S. Preventive measures and management of COVID-19 in pregnancy. Drugs Ther Perspect. 2020;36(6):246-9. [DOI:10.1007/s40267-020-00725-x] [PMID] [PMCID]
33. Wu H, Sun W, Huang X, Yu S, Wang H, Bi X, Sheng J, Chen S, Akinwunmi B, Zhang CJ, Ming WK. Online antenatal care during the COVID-19 pandemic: opportunities and challenges. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(7):e19916. [DOI:10.2196/19916] [PMID] [PMCID]
34. Krause PR, Gruber MF. Emergency use authorization of COVID vaccines-safety and efficacy follow-up considerations. New Engl J Med. 2020;383(19):e107. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMp2031373] [PMID]
35. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. COVID-19 vaccines, pregnancy and breastfeeding. 2021 [cited 2021 June 6]. Available from: https://www.rcog.org.uk/en/guidelines-research-services/coronavirus-covid-19-pregnancy-and-womens-health/covid-19-vaccines-and-pregnancy/covid-19-vaccines-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding/.
36. World Health Organisation. The Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine: What you need to know. Geneva, Switzerland; 2020 [cited 2021 June 6]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/the-sinopharm-covid-19-vaccine-what-you-need-to-know.
37. Shimabukuro TT, Kim SY, Myers TR, Moro PL, Oduyebo T, Panagiotakopoulos L, et al. Preliminary findings of mRNA Covid-19 vaccine safety in pregnant persons. New Engl J Med. 2021 April 21. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa2104983] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Cancer Research by Farname Inc is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Based on a work at http://jogcr.com/.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Cancer Research (JOGCR)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb | Piblisher: Farname Inc.