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Volume 3, Issue 4 (Fall 2018)                   jogcr 2018, 3(4): 137-142 | Back to browse issues page


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Fakhari S, Pourfathi H, Farzin H, Bilehjani E. Post-Mastectomy Phantom Breast Syndrome. jogcr. 2018; 3 (4) :137-142
URL: http://jogcr.com/article-1-184-en.html
1- Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2- Assistant of Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , eisa_bilehjani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (226 Views)

Breast cancer is a common type of cancer among female human populations. Approximately, one million new cases are diagnosed per year and it is expected that this amount will increase in the future. In recent years, the common standard surgical procedures for the treatment of breast invasive carcinoma are breast-protective surgery and modified radical mastectomy. Residual tumor after surgery, stage T3–T4, metastases to 4 axillary lymph nodes or greater, and extracapsular axillary lymph node disease that is treated with adjuvant chemotherapy are indications of surgery. Post-mastectomy radiotherapy results in an increased disease-free condition and survival rate. With the improvement of survival rate, the procedure has been focused on quality of breast cancer survivors.

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✅ Post-mastectomy radiotherapy results in an increased disease-free condition and survival rate. With the improvement of survival rate, the procedure has been focused on quality of breast cancer survivors.


Systematic Review: Review | Subject: Anesthesia
Received: 2018/04/10 | Accepted: 2018/08/15 | Published: 2019/09/16

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