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Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2021)                   J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res 2021, 6(2): 81-86 | Back to browse issues page

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Rashidi Fakari F, Simbar M, Tahmasebi G, Ebadi A, Rashidi Fakari F, Nasiri M et al . Efficacy of Working Ability, Location, Intensity, Days of Pain, Dysmenorrhea (WaLIDD) and Verbal Rating Scale (Pain and Drug) in Diagnosing and Predicting Severity of Dysmenorrhea among Adolescents: A Comparative Study. J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res. 2021; 6 (2) :81-86
URL: http://jogcr.com/article-1-329-en.html
1- Department of Midwifery, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
2- Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , rashidiff@gmail.com
3- MSc in Midwifery, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Nursing, Lifestyle Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6- Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7- PhD, Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (692 Views)
Background: Menstruation with cramping pain is one of the problems that appear during adolescence. The severity of dysmenorrhea affects the extent of activity limitation. Given the high prevalence of dysmenorrhea in adolescents and the personal-social effect of this condition on their daily lives, using reliable tools for assessing the severity of this condition in different populations of different countries can significantly contribute to the standard diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of people suffering from dysmenorrhea.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on a population of adolescent girls (Iran) in 2019. The research was approved and monitored by the relevant supervisory body, which issued the pertinent ethics licenses and letters of introduction. Sampling was performed using the cluster method from public schools. Inclusion criteria were Iranian nationality and not having any underlying diseases. The exclusion criterion was the unwillingness to continue participation. The data collection tools were a questionnaire of demographic and menstrual information as well as verbal rating scale (VRS; for both drug and pain) and working ability, location, intensity, days of pain, dysmenorrhea (WaLIDD) questionnaires.
Results: The participants had a mean age of 15.6±2.3 years and a mean age of menarche of 12.5±1.3 years. The best sensitivity and specificity of the tools were respectively calculated as 63.7% and 56.9% for WaLIDD (at point 4.5), 57.3% and 70.8% for VRS (pain; at point 1.5), and 33.9% and 72.2% for VRS (drug; at point 0.5).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, none of the tools had high specificity and sensitivity at the same time. However, WaLIDD had high sensitivity, and VRS (for both pain and drug) exhibited high specificity.
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Systematic Review: Original Research | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2021/01/4 | Accepted: 2021/02/20 | Published: 2021/05/5

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