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Volume 7, Issue 1 (January - February 2022)                   J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res 2022, 7(1): 7-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Hematian M N, Ghiasi M, Baharian S, Safaie S, Rahmanian M, Torabi ُ et al . Reviewing the Anxiety in Pregnant Mothers with Fetuses Having Positive Cardiac Anomaly and Its Relation with Birth Outcomes. J Obstet Gynecol Cancer Res 2022; 7 (1) :7-14
URL: http://jogcr.com/article-1-356-en.html
1- Department of Pediatric Cardiologist, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch of Tehran, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran , safaie.s@hotmail.com
5- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologist, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6- Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7- Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
Abstract:   (942 Views)
Background and Objective: Concerns about adaptation to a new situation can cause anxiousness in pregnant women, which could lead to dangerous consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the severity of pregnancy anxiety in mothers with fetuses having cardiac anomalies and their association with birth outcomes.
Materials and Methods: A number of 50 pregnant women were enrolled as the accessible sampling. The diagnosis of congenital heart anomaly was considered in prenatal ultrasound screening (NT ultrasound and anomaly scan). The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS), and Pregnancy Concern Questionnaire (PCQ) were used to evaluate fear, concern and anxiety. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon statistical test.
Results: Six infants had fetal outcomes including low birth weight (IUGR). Fetal prematurity was observed in only one infant. The highest and the lowest levels of anxiety were reported before the echocardiography and within one week after the echocardiography. There was a significant difference between maternal general health score before and 5 days after echocardiography as well as 5 days after echo and 35th week of pregnancy (P<0.05). A significant difference between maternal general health score was observed before fetal echocardiography and at 35th week of pregnancy (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that mothers' anxiety increased significantly after the diagnosis of fetal cardiac anomaly. However, after fetal echocardiography and in the late pregnancy period, the anxiety level reduced in both stages. It was clear that receiving information about unhealthy fetus can cause significant anxiety in mothers.
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Systematic Review: Original Research | Subject: Reproductive Medicine
Received: 2021/04/9 | Accepted: 2021/06/28 | Published: 2021/09/9

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