Write your message
Articles In Press : Volume 06 - Issue 04 (Fall 07-2021 - Serial : 23)                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


1- Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBUMS), Tehran, Iran
2- Department of , Faculty of , Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (83 Views)

Background & Objective: Awareness of breast cancer risk factors, clinical presentations and screening rules and methods may encourage women to use preventive measures more commonly. 
Materials & Methods: A total of 691 women from general population were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. Demographic data, level of awareness about risk factors, presentations and screening the breast cancer and their general perception about the treatment’s efficacy were evaluated.
Results: Of the participants, 45.7% had “good” knowledge about the presentations of breast cancer while the level of awareness was “good” in 19.2% of them in field of risk factors (statistically significant difference). As only about 16% of them knew that women should perform breast self-examination once a month and about 15% of them were aware of the screening role of the annual clinician performed breast examination.
Conclusion: Most of our participants had statistically significant lower level of knowledge about the risk factors and screening rules and tools of breast cancer than its clinical presentation.

     
Systematic Review: Original Research | Subject: General surgery
Received: 2021/02/22 | Accepted: 2021/04/25

References
1. Jemal A, Bray F, Center MM, Ferlay J, Ward E, Forman D. Global cancer statistics. CA: Cancer J Clin. 2011; 61(2):69-90. [DOI:10.3322/caac.20107] [PMID]
2. Tazhibi M, Feizi A. Awareness Levels about Breast Cancer Risk Factors, Early Warning Signs, and Screening and Therapeutic Approaches among Iranian Adult Women: A large Population Based Study using Latent Class Analysis. Biomed Res Int. 2014; 2014:306352. [DOI:10.1155/2014/306352] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures 2009-2010. Atlanta, Ga, USA: American Cancer Society; 2009.
4. Elmore JG, Armstrong K, Lehman CD, Fletcher SW. Screening for breast cancer. JAMA. 2005; 293(10):1245-56. [DOI:10.1001/jama.293.10.1245] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Jordan S, Lim L, Vilainerun D. Breast cancer in the Thai cohort study: An exploratory case-control analysis. Breast J. 2009; 18:299-303. [DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2009.09.004] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Lamyian M, Hydarnia A, Ahmadi F. Barriers to and factors facilitating breast cancer screening among Iranian women:A qualitative study. East Mediterr Health J. 2007; 13:1160-69. [DOI:10.26719/2007.13.5.1160] [PMID]
7. Karayurt O, Ozmen D, Cetinkaya AC.Awareness of breast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self-examination among high school students in Turkey. BMC Public Health. 2008; 17(8):359. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-8-359] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Isara AR, Ojedokun CI. Knowledge of breast cancer and practice of breast self-examination among female senior secondary school students in Abuja, Nigeria. J Prev Med Hyg. 2011; 52(4):186-90.
9. Heena H, Durrani S, AlFayyad I, Riaz M, Tabasim R, Parvez G, Abu-Shaheen A. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards cervical cancer and screening amongst female healthcare professionals: A cross-sectional study. J Oncol. 2019; 2019. [DOI:10.1186/s12905-019-0819-x] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Khakbazan Z, Roudsari RL, Taghipour A, Mohammadi E, Pour RO. Appraisal of breast cancer symptoms by Iranian women: entangled cognitive, emotional and socio-cultural responses. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014; 15(19):8135-42. [DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.19.8135] [PMID]
11. Khakbazan Z, Taghipour A, Latifnejad Roudsari R, Mohammadi E. Help seeking behavior of women with self-discovered breast cancer symptoms: a meta-ethnographic synthesis of patient delay. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e110262. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0110262] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Hadi MA, Hassali MA, Shafie AA, Awaisu A. Evaluation of breast cancer awareness among female university students in Malaysia. Pharm Pract (Granada). 2010; 8(1):29-34. [DOI:10.4321/S1886-36552010000100003] [PMID]
13. Grunfeld E, Ramirez A, Hunter M, Richards M. Women's knowledge and beliefs regarding breast cancer. Br J Cancer. 2002; 86:1373-8. [DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6600260] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Hajian K, Auladi S. Awareness, Attitude, and Practice of Breast Cancer Screening Women, and the Associated Socio-Demographic Characteristics, in Northern Iran. Int J Cancer Manag. 2015; 8(4):e3429 [DOI:10.17795/ijcp.3429] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Montazeri A, Vahdaninia M, Harirchi I, Harirchi AM, Sajadian A, Khaleghi F, et al. Breast cancer in Iran: need for greater women awareness of warning signs and effective screening methods. Asia Pac Fam Med. 2008; 7(1):1-7. [DOI:10.1186/1447-056X-7-6] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Andreeva VA, Pokhrel P. Breast cancer screening utilization among Eastern European immigrant women worldwide: a systematic literature review and a focus on psychosocial barriers. Psychooncology. 2013; 22(12):2664-75. [DOI:10.1002/pon.3344] [PMID]
17. Budakoglu II, Maral I, Ozdemir A, Bumin MA. The effectiveness of training for breast cancer and breast self-examination in women aged 40 and over. J Cancer Educ. 2007; 22(2):108-11. [DOI:10.1007/BF03174358] [PMID]
18. Okobia MN, Bunker CH, Okonofua FE, Osime U. Knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian women towards breast cancer: a cross-sectional study. World J Surg Oncol. 2006; 21;4:11. [DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-4-11] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Jahan S, Al-Saigul AM, Abdelgadir MH. Breast cancer. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of breast self examination among women in Qassim region of Saudi Arabia Saudi. Med J. 2006; 27(11):1737-41.
20. Wong-Kim E, Wang CC. Breast self-examination among Chinese immigrant women. Health Educ Behav. 2006; 33(5):580-90. [DOI:10.1177/1090198106290800] [PMID]
21. Tu SP, Reisch LM, Taplin SH, Kreuter W, Elmore JG. Breast self-examination: self-reported frequency, quality, and associated outcomes. J Cancer Educ. 2006; 21(3):175-81. [DOI:10.1207/s15430154jce2103_18] [PMID]
22. Suleiman AK. Awareness and attitudes regarding breast cancer and breast self-examination among female Jordanian students. J Basic Clin Pharma. 2014; 5(3):74-78. [DOI:10.4103/0976-0105.139730] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Suwankhong D, Liamputtong P. Early Detection of Breast Cancer and Barrier to Screening Programs amongst Thai Migrant Women in Australia: A Qualitative Study. Asia Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018; 19(4):1089-97.
24. Shirazi M, Bloom J, Shirazi A, Popal R. Afghan immigrant women's knowledge and behaviors around breast cancer screening. Psychooncology. 2013; 22(8):1705-17. [DOI:10.1002/pon.3216] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Avci IA, Ozcan A, Altay B, Cavusoglu F. The problems encountered by midwives during breast self-examination training. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2008; 12(4):329-33. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejon.2008.02.002] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Cancer Research (JOGCR)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb | Piblisher: Farname Inc.